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Cairn Terrier

Origin Scotland
GroupHunting Dogs
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Other Names
What other names does the Cairn Terrier have? The breed also known as...
Cairn, Toto Dog
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
How much does the Cairn Terrier puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
If you choose to purchase the Cairn Terrier, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Cairn Terrier gets to a happy place.

General Appearance

What is the Cairn Terrier's size? How big is this dog?
How much does the Cairn Terrier weigh?
Male: 14-18 pounds (6-8 kg), Female: 13-17 pounds (6-8 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of this canine?
Male: 16 pounds (7 kg), Female: 15 pounds (7 kg)
How tall is the Cairn Terrier?
Male: 10-13 inches (25-33 cm), Female: 9-12 inches (23-30 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido?
Male: 11.5 inches (29 cm), Female: 10.5 inches (26.5 cm)

Hair & Care

What type of coat does the Cairn Terrier have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the Cairn Terrier's coat? What color is a proper this fido coat?
How to groom the Cairn Terrier and how often?
Average: The Cairn Terrier requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Cairn Terrier, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Cairn Terriers shed? How to control, reduce and prevent this canine shedding?
Cairn Terriers shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.


What kind of personality does the Cairn Terrier have?
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Cairn Terrier?
Smart: Cairn Terrier's intelligence is above average. Tricks and commands can be trained easily. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 70% of the time or better.
Are Cairn Terriers easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Cairn Terriers are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful dog breed is this dog?
The Cairn Terrier is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive is it?
Cairn Terriers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for a moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Cairn Terriers are loving and affectionate dogs. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does need this dog?
Cairn Terriers need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Cairn Terriers bark a lot? Why does my dog bark?
High: The Cairn Terrier is a very vocal breed. Definitely not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Are Cairn Terriers good watchdogs?
Cairn Terriers are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Cairn Terriers will alert you if they sense something different.
Does this canine have an aggressive/protective behavior of their territory/property?
Cairn Terriers are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective to their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
How likely are you to get bite from this dog? Why do dog bites happen?
The Cairn Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Cairn Terrier do? How big is the mouthiness potential of this breed?
Cairn Terriers have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not an aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Cairn Terriers need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Cairn Terrier to run away? This dog wanderlust potential:
Cairn Terriers have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive?
Cairn Terriers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Cairn Terriers are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on leash.
Apartment Friendly
Are Cairn Terriers good apartment dogs? Can they live in a flat?
Cairn Terriers are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Are they adaptive and easy to handle?
Cairn Terriers adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they good with strangers? Are they friendly with strangers?
Cairn Terriers are average friendly dogs towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Cairn Terriers kid-friendly dogs? Are they good with young children?
Cairn Terriers are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Cairn Terriers get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido temperament with cats?
Cairn Terriers are average friendly dogs towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Are they dog-friendly with other dogs? How well do Cairn Terriers get along with dogs? What is this canine temperament with dogs?
Cairn Terriers are average friendly dogs towards other dogs.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Are they healthy breed? Do Cairn Terriers have health problems?
Cairn Terriers tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Life Expectancy
How long do Cairn Terriers live? What is this dog average life span?
12-15 years
Is the Cairn Terrier breed hypoallergenic?
Cairn Terriers do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Cairn Terrier have? How high is the energy level of this fido?
Cairn Terriers are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Cairn Terriers require per day?
Cairn Terriers need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Cairn Terriers don't need to much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Cairn Terrier need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
0.5 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? The risk for obesity:
Average. The Cairn Terrier has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Cairn Terrier's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate cold and hot weather?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Cairn Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Cairn Terrier has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Do they drool? How much does it drool?
The Cairn Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Cairn Terrier could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Cairn Terrier. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.


Gestation Length
How long does this dog pregnancy last? How long does it take to have a few puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Cairn Terrier: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Cairn Terrier have a litter? Twice a year (maximum)
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Cairn Terrier have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
2-10 puppies


  • Hypoallergenic: Cairn Terriers do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Drooling tendency: The Cairn Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Cairn Terrier's intelligence is above average.
  • Watchdog Ability: Cairn Terriers are good watchdogs.
  • Trainability: Cairn Terriers are easy to train.


  • Barking: High: The Cairn Terrier is a very vocal breed.

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