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Origin Scotland Italy
GroupHunting Dogs
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Other Names
What other names does the Cairmal have? The breed also known as...
Cairmal Terrier
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Cross Breed
How much does the Cairmal puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?

General Appearance

What is the Cairmal's size? How big is this dog?
How much does the Cairmal weigh?
10-15 pounds (5-7 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of this canine?
12.5 pounds (6 kg)
How tall is the Cairmal?
10-13 inches (25-33 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido?
11.5 inches (29 cm)

Hair & Care

What type of coat does the Cairmal have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the Cairmal's coat? What color is a proper this fido coat?
How to groom the Cairmal and how often?
Advanced: The Cairmal requires a lot of grooming. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer can be helpful sometimes. Regular brushed dog's coat is less likely to shed. Ears and eyes should be cleaned often to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Occasional dog nail trimming and dog bath is important. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your Cairmal a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Cairmal, search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Cairmals shed? How to control, reduce and prevent this canine shedding?
Cairmals shed quite a little. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of the hair loss mostly depends on their health status and breed type. Cairmals could be a good choice if you don't really like dog hair.


What kind of personality does the Cairmal have?
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Cairmal?
Smart: Cairmal's intelligence is above average. Tricks and commands can be trained easily. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 70% of the time or better.
Are Cairmals easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Cairmals are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
How playful dog breed is this dog?
The Cairmal is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive is it?
Cairmals have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for a moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Cairmals are loving and affectionate dogs. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does need this dog?
Cairmals need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Cairmals bark a lot? Why does my dog bark?
High: The Cairmal is a very vocal breed. Definitely not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Are Cairmals good watchdogs?
Does this canine have an aggressive/protective behavior of their territory/property?
Cairmals are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective to their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
How likely are you to get bite from this dog? Why do dog bites happen?
The Cairmal has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Cairmal do? How big is the mouthiness potential of this breed?
Cairmals have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not an aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Cairmals need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Cairmal to run away? This dog wanderlust potential:
Cairmals tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive?
Cairmals have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Cairmals are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on leash.
Apartment Friendly
Are Cairmals good apartment dogs? Can they live in a flat?
Cairmals are apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walks outside they don't require a big garden.
Are they adaptive and easy to handle?
Cairmals adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they good with strangers? Are they friendly with strangers?
Cairmals are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Cairmals kid-friendly dogs? Are they good with young children?
Cairmals are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Cairmals get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido temperament with cats?
Cairmals are cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Are they dog-friendly with other dogs? How well do Cairmals get along with dogs? What is this canine temperament with dogs?
Cairmals are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Cairmal can be a great choice.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Are they healthy breed? Do Cairmals have health problems?
Cairmals tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Life Expectancy
How long do Cairmals live? What is this dog average life span?
12-15 years
Is the Cairmal breed hypoallergenic?
Cairmals do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Cairmal have? How high is the energy level of this fido?
Cairmals have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Cairmals require per day?
Cairmals don't need too much exercise. A few daily walks should be enough for them.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Cairmals sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Cairmal need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
0.5 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? The risk for obesity:
Average. The Cairmal has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Cairmal's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate cold and hot weather?
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Cairmal has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Do they drool? How much does it drool?
The Cairmal is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Cairmal could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Cairmal. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.


Gestation Length
How long does this dog pregnancy last? How long does it take to have a few puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Cairmal: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Cairmal have a litter? Twice a year (maximum)
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Cairmal have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies


  • Hypoallergenic: Cairmals do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Shedding Level: Cairmals shed quite a little.
  • Drooling tendency: The Cairmal is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Cairmal's intelligence is above average.
  • Apartment Friendly: Cairmals are apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Adaptability: Cairmals adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.


  • Grooming: Advanced: The Cairmal requires a lot of grooming.
  • Barking: High: The Cairmal is a very vocal breed.

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