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Shih Tzu vs Samoyed vs Havanese

"What should I choose?" Shih Tzu or Samoyed or Havanese? Is Shih Tzu better than Samoyed?
Shih TzuSamoyedHavanese
Name Shih Tzu Samoyed Havanese
Origins China Russia Cuba
GroupCompanion DogsSled DogsCompanion Dogs
Reviews000
Rate
Other Names Chinese Lion Dog, Chrysanthemum Dog Samoyedskaya, Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya Sobaka, Nenetskaya Laika, Smiley, Sammy Bichon Habanero, Havanese Cuban Bichon, Bichon Havanais, Bichon Havanês, Havaneser, Havanezer
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
Price $800-$1200
If you choose to purchase the Shih Tzu, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Shih Tzu gets to a happy place.
$1200-$1500
If you choose to purchase the Samoyed, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Samoyed gets to a happy place.
$900-$1200
If you choose to purchase the Havanese, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Havanese gets to a happy place.
Size Small Medium Small
Weight 9–16 pounds (4-7 kg) Male: 45-65 pounds (20.5-30 kg), Female: 35-50 pounds (16-20.5 kg) 7-13 pounds (3-6 kg)
Avg. Weight 9–16 pounds (5.5 kg) Male: 55 pounds (25 kg), Female: 42.5 pounds (19 kg) 10 pounds (4.5 kg)
Height 8-11 inches (20-28 cm) Male: 21-23.5 inches (53-60 cm), Female: 19-21 inches (48-53 cm) 8-11 inches (20-28 cm)
Avg. Height 9.5 inches (24 cm) Male: 21-23.5 inches (56.5 cm), Female: 20 inches (50.5 cm) 9.5 inches (24 cm)
Coat Dense Dense Feathered
Colors Brindle Liver Silver Blue Gold Red Black Biscuit White Cream Brown Silver Blue Gray White Black
Grooming
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition. The Shih Tzu requires grooming on a daily basis. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer is essential. Everyday brushing of the dog's coat is necessary to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath should be on a weekly schedule. Taking good care of your Shih Tzu is time consuming and requires excellent grooming skills. If you don't have the time and skill search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Advanced: The Samoyed requires a lot of grooming. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer can be helpful sometimes. Regular brushed dog's coat is less likely to shed. Ears and eyes should be cleaned often to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Occasional dog nail trimming and dog bath is important. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your Samoyed a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Samoyed, search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Average: The Havanese requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Havanese, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
Shih Tzus shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car covered by dog hair. Shih Tzus could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Samoyeds are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of the hair loss mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Havaneses shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car covered by dog hair. Havaneses could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Temperament Active Friendly Happy Lively Playful Courageous Gentle Intelligent Outgoing Alert Friendly Playful Stubborn Lively Intelligent Sociable Affectionate Gentle Playful Companionable Intelligent Responsive
Intelligent Rank
Low: The Shih Tzu if one of the dog breeds that have the lowest degree of obedience intelligence. You need to work hard if you want to impress people with this dog tricks and commands. They understand and memorize new commands in 80-100 repetitions, and obey for the first command 25% of the time or better.
Smart: Samoyed's intelligence is above average. Tricks and commands can be trained easily. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 70% of the time or better.
Average: Havanese's has average obedience intelligence. Patience is needed for teaching this breed to any tricks and commands though, but it's worth the effort. They understand and memorize new commands in 25-40 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 50% of the time or better.
Trainability
Shih Tzus are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Samoyeds are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Havaneses are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
Shih Tzus are not the most playful dog breed. Sometimes they do like playing, but that's not their favorite activity.
Samoyeds, like any other average dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
The Havanese is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
Shih Tzus have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for a moderate punishment.
Samoyeds are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well. They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, noisy environment and frequent guest visits.
They are a little bit more emotional than other dog breeds. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Havaneses don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well.
Affection Level
Shih Tzus are loving and affectionate dogs. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Samoyeds are loving and affectionate dogs. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Havaneses are loving and affectionate dogs. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
Shih Tzus need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Samoyeds are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Havaneses need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
High: The Shih Tzu is a very vocal breed. Definitely not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Average: The Samoyed barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Low to Average: The Havanese rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Shih Tzus are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but observation isn't considered as their main job.
Samoyeds are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Samoyeds will alert you if they sense something different.
Havaneses are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but observation isn't considered as their main job.
Territorial
Shih Tzus strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Samoyeds are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Samoyed can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Samoyed will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Havaneses strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential Low
The Shih Tzu has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Low
The Samoyed has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Low
The Havanese has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
Shih Tzus have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not an aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Shih Tzus need to be taught for a good attitude.
Samoyeds have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not an aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Samoyeds need to be taught for a good attitude.
Havaneses have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not an aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Havaneses need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Shih Tzus tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Wanderlust potential of the Samoyed is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Havaneses tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive
Shih Tzus have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Shih Tzus are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on leash.
Samoyeds have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Samoyeds are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on leash.
Havaneses have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Havaneses are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on leash.
Apartment Friendly
Shih Tzus are very apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walk outside they don't require a big garden.
Samoyeds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Havaneses are very apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walk outside they don't require a big garden.
Adaptability
Shih Tzus adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Samoyeds adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Havaneses adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Stranger Friendly
Shih Tzus are average friendly dogs towards strangers.
Samoyeds are average friendly dogs towards strangers.
Havaneses are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Shih Tzus are not the most kid-friendly dogs. If you have children, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Samoyeds are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Havaneses are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
Shih Tzus are very cat-friendly dogs.
Samoyeds are average friendly dogs towards cats.
Havaneses are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Shih Tzus are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Shih Tzu can be a great choice.
Samoyeds are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Samoyed can be a great choice.
Havaneses are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Havanese can be a great choice.
Health Issues
Shih Tzus are healthy dogs, but there are some health issues you may have to check on regularly at the vet.
Samoyeds are healthy dogs, but there are some health issues you may have to check on regularly at the vet.
Havaneses are healthy dogs, but there are some health issues you may have to check on regularly at the vet.
Life Expectancy 10-16 years 12-14 years 14-16 years
Hypoallergenic Yes
Shih Tzus do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Yes
Samoyeds do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Yes
Havaneses do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
Shih Tzus have a lower energy level than other dogs. If you live a chilled life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Samoyeds are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Havaneses have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
Shih Tzus don't need too much exercise. A few daily walks should be enough for them.
Samoyeds need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Havaneses exercise need is very minimal. If you live a lazy life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
Shih Tzus like sleeping so they do sleep a lot. They're not the most active dog breed. If you live an active life, this breed can be a bad choice for you.
Samoyeds don't need to much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Havaneses sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption Recommended daily amount: 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day NOTE: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. 2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1/2 to 1 cup dry food a day.
Weight Gain Potential
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Shih Tzu's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Shih Tzu's weight regularly.
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Samoyed's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Samoyed's weight regularly.
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Havanese's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Havanese's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers cold weather
The Samoyed can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Low
The Shih Tzu has a low chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Low
The Samoyed has a low chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Low
The Havanese has a low chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
The Shih Tzu is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Shih Tzu could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Shih Tzu. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
The Samoyed is a perfect example for low drooling tendency. If you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, the Samoyed could be a good choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool less than others, just like the Samoyed. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
The Havanese is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Havanese could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Havanese. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Gestation Length 60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Shih Tzu: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Samoyed: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Havanese: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Shih Tzu, Samoyed, Havanese have a litter? Twice a year (maximum) Twice a year (maximum) Twice a year (maximum)
Litter Size 2-5 puppies 4-6 puppies 1-9 puppies, average 4